Preserving the Health of Women and Girls

What do they need to overcome unique, female-based
HIV challenges?

Community Spotlight

Women account for roughly one in four people living with HIV in the United States.1 Some women are disproportionately affected: in 2016, 61 percent of new diagnoses were in African American women, 19 percent in white women, and 16 percent in Hispanic/Latina women. Often, HIV-positive women face social and economic challenges that make them vulnerable and interfere with their health.2, 3

Did You Know?


The rate of intimate partner violence among HIV-positive women (double the national rate)4*

*According to a 2012 meta-analysis (n=5,930)

Help empower HIV-positive women to take charge of their health

Healthcare professionals are in a unique position to empower women with important health information and connection to care. HIV care guidelines for women from the US Department of Health and Human Services recommend2:

  • Routine HIV screening for all women and girls as part of medical and reproductive care
  • Clear, nonjudgmental communication and sensitivity to build trust and increase retention
  • Comprehensive education about ART as lifelong treatment and prevention
  • Patient self-management support, such as training in problem solving or assertiveness skills
  • Connection to social services, such as food and housing assistance, or drug and mental health treatment to help women get out of violent situations
  • Connection to a multidisciplinary HIV care team—including HIV specialists, gynecologists, nurses, pharmacists, counselors, and case managers—who collaborate with each other and involve women patients' personal support systems and peer counselors when appropriate

Talk about HIV

Encourage women patients to raise awareness by learning and sharing the facts about HIV


Know your status

Encourage them and their partner to get tested for HIV. If they're pregnant or planning to get pregnant, let them know they need to get tested as soon as possible


Stay protected

Emphasize prevention steps, such as:

  • Using condoms correctly
  • Limiting risky behaviors like having unprotected sex or multiple partners
  • Not sharing needles

Get treated

Educate women about HIV treatment: If they have HIV, help them understand that starting treatment as soon as possible and taking it every day as prescribed is critical to their long-term health

References: 1. HIV among women. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Published June 4, 2018. Accessed June 20, 2018.
2. A guide to the clinical care of women with HIV, 2013 Edition. Health Resources and Services Administration website. Published September 2013. Accessed
June 20, 2018.
3. Intersection of intimate partner violence and HIV in women. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Published February 2014. Accessed March 16, 2017.
4. Machtinger EL, Wilson TC, Haberer JE, Weiss DS. Psychological trauma and PTSD in HIV-positive women: a meta-analysis. AIDS Behav. 2012;16:2091.
5. National Women and Girls HIV/AIDS Awareness Day. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Published March 8, 2018. Accessed June 20, 2018.

More Resources

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